Introduction to the CKZNCCC
Following two USAID-funded exchange visits between the Durban and Fort Lauderdale/ Broward County Hubs, Durban established the Central KwaZulu-Natal Climate Change Compact (CKZNCCC) in February 2014. Modeled on the South East Florida Compact, this subnational Partnership is made up of a Metro municipality, District and Local Municipalities. All participating Municipalities agreed to formalize their participation by engaging in a process of having the Terms of Reference for the Compact partnership signed by their respective municipal councils. Compact members are not limited to just neighbouring municipalities, relevant national and provincial government departments and Local Government Associations participate in the partnership.

Establishing the CKZNCCC was cost-effective as travel distances are short and quarterly meetings are easily accommodated within compact members’ work schedules. The only costs incurred for each quarterly CKZNCCC meeting have been catering (each CKZNCCC member takes a turn to host the quarterly meeting) and pooled car travel to meeting venues. For cities of the Global South, adopting the Hub and Compact approach makes sense as limited resources are pooled in a cost-effective way to address shared challenges.

Institutional information
The following background documents are important for municipalities that would like to join the CKZNCCC. For more information and to join the compact contact Zama Khuzwayo at

Terms of Reference CKZNCCC

Example of Report to council to approve the joining of a Compact – CKZNCCC example

Current CKZNCCC Members
1. KwaDukuza Municipality
2. uMshwathi Municipality
3. Msunduzi Municipality
4. EThekwini Municipality
5. Mkambathini Municipality
6. Hibiscus Coast Municipality
7. Umhlathuze Municipality
8. uMdoni Municipality
9. Ilembe Municipality
10. Harry Gwala Municipality
11. uMgungundlovu Municipality
12. uMngeni Municipality
13. Ugu District Municipality
14. uMzimkhulu Municipality
15. uMzumbe Municipality
16. Vulamehlo Municipality
17. Ezinqoleni Municipality
18. KwaSani Municipality
19. Umuziwabantu Municipality

National Departments:
1. Department of Environmental Affairs

Provincial departments:
2. KZN Department of Agriculture
3. KZN Department of Economic Development, Tourism and Environmental Affairs
4. KZN Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs

Local Government Associations:
2. South African Local Government Association (SALGA)

1. ICLEI Africa
ICLEI – Local Governments for Sustainability is the leading global network of over 1,500 cities, towns and regions committed to building a sustainable future. By helping the ICLEI Network to become sustainable, low-carbon, ecomobile, resilient, biodiverse, resource-efficient, healthy and happy, with a green economy and smart infrastructure, we impact over 25% of the global urban population. The Africa Secretariat, which is based in Cape Town, South Africa, has a total of 80 member local governments from 22 African countries. The African Secretariat is also home to ICLEI’s flagship biodiversity programme and hosts the global ICLEI Cities Biodiversity Center ( For more information, visit the ICLEI Africa website.

2. Adaptation Network
The Adaptation Network focuses on climate change adaptation work. The Network brings together various representatives from NGO’s, private sectors and government to share practical approaches for climate change adaptation. The secretariat is housed by the Environmental Monitoring Group, based in Nieuwoudtville, Northern Cape. The Network’s ultimate vision is for ‘a resilient South Africa for all’, and it facilitates sharing of work done by researchers and community workers . Integration is one of the key goals of the Network, it seeks to promote sharing between experts, researchers, community and government. For more information, visit the Adaptation Network website.

Research/ consultants
1. Urban Earth
Urban Earth is a sustainability consultancy based in Durban, South Africa. Urban Earth’s main focus areas include sustainability, energy efficiency, renewable energy, climate change, and non-motorised transport. Clients include government, non-government organisations and the private sector. For more information, visit the Urban Earth website.
The Urban Climate Change Research Network (UCCRN) is a group of over 750 individuals dedicated to the analysis of climate change mitigation and adaptation from an urban perspective. They span a broad range of expertise including climate scientists; urban heat island and air quality experts; climate change impact scientists; social scientists, including political scientists, planners, and economists; and urban designers and planners. The network is designed to enhance cutting-edge scientific, economic, and planning-related research and to provide a platform for knowledge sharing among researchers and urban decision-makers, as well cities, states, development agencies, NGOs, the private sector, and other stakeholders about the impacts of climate change on cities. For more information, visit the UCCRN website.

CKZNCCC conducts a Survey to Move Compact Meetings Online.

The CKZNCCC convenes its meeting on a quarterly basis. The meetings are hosted on voluntary principle by different municipalities.  The Corona Virus (Covid-19) reached the South African shores and was spreading fast within communities. In a response to slow the rate of infection, the South African Government introduced a lockdown. The regulations under Declaration of a National Disaster prohibited large gatherings. Level 4 and 5 of the regulations prohibited travel between district municipalities. This had a direct impact on the ability of municipalities to convene or attend compact meetings.

One of the aspects of preventing or reducing the spread of the virus is to encourage citizens to work from their home. The DAC secretariat had to acknowledge that the pandemic will be around for a long time; necessitating for the institutional arrangement reconfiguration.

During Level 4 of the lockdown a CKZNCCC WhatsApp group was established to reach out to the compact members, especially since most of the stakeholders were working from home and that their access to emails may have been limited.  The intention was to find an alternative platform to communicate CKZNCCC related matters.  The platform has been successfully been used for communication alerts as well as for information sharing.

A survey was conducted to establish the status quo of the CKZNCCC members and their capacity to convene compact meetings online. This included establishing which online platform were popular; communication tools; access to data; etc.

Most members indicated that they have adjusted well with working from home and have the necessary tools to move the meetings to a virtual platform. The online move has presented the members with an opportunity to convene a joint compact meeting with the Mpumalanga Province. This will re-enforce the climate change working relationship between the two provinces.

July 2020

The first 2 days online meeting took place from the 14th -17th July 2020, using Microsoft Teams. The Educational Partnerships [SO1] [KH2] for Innovation in Communities (EPIC- N) progress was presented at the meeting, showing how students can undertake some of the research work that is required in municipalities gaining experience in real life issues while the municipality gains good research sources. The Mpumalanga representatives at this joint Compact meeting were interested in learning more about partnering with educational institutions highlighting how the Compact promotes partnerships, city-to-city cooperation and knowledge exchange. The Youth Environmental Coordinator Program (YCOP) run by the Department of Environment, Forestry & Fisheries (DEFF) was also introduced at this Compact meeting by a DEFF representative who presented how the programme embeds YCOP individuals into the municipalities to assist the municipality while promoting the YCOP’s ability to be absorbed into the formal job market through this on-site training. The Compact members confirmed that the YCOP individuals have been a great help to them thus far and commended the programme. The municipalities then shared their updates with the Compact members and the Department of Economic Development, Tourism and Environmental Affairs (EDTEA) also shared an update on the Climate Response Plans they are initiating in the province.

September 2020

The CKZNCCC continued with the online joint Compact meetings with Mpumalanga in this quarterly meeting from the 17th-18th September. Mpumalanga provided a presentation on how climate change work is integrated into the IDP of Mpumalanga and the challenges they experience. Discussion revolved around how the IDPs need to be more innovative in terms of planning as the world changes. Collaboration between different levels of government is vital. A funding opportunity was presented by the former City Manager of Durban, Dr Michael Sutcliff where the Municipal Infrastructure Support Agent (MISA) is interested in providing funding that will enable municipalities to respond more effectively to climate change. The mitigation efforts in the KwaZulu-Natal and Mpumalanga provinces were presented and SALGA provided a discussion on coastal management by-law support and Arbour Week. A proposal for EDTEA to host a Compact of Mayors meeting in December 2020 was put forward. The Compact of Mayors was established for the purposes of providing the Mayors with an opportunity or platform to report on what is happening in their municipalities. A set of Terms of Reference has been produced to revive the KZN Climate Change Council.

A Green Economy Development Plan was presented by Mpumalanga addressing the current challenges they face as government and meet the targets which include job creation and investments in the province.  Currently, the province has managed to secure an amount of R 10 Million from the Germany government through GIZ. This will facilitate the implementation of the green economy plan as well as to establish the Green Economic Cluster. The municipalities then provided updates for the climate change work being done in their departments.

November 2020

The last Compact meeting for the year was held online from the 12th – 13th of November 2020. EDTEA announced that the KZN Climate Change Committee has been initiated and the provincial department is providing the secretariat support for the council and is looking for a balanced representative membership. Highlights were then provided from the various municipalities present. SALGA provided a presentation on the climate compatibility of infrastructure investment plans covering the scope of the infrastructure for both rural and urban (sustainable development and green infrastructure) including hardware, software and virtual infrastructure. Discussion on the Compact of Mayors meeting dates took place but a way forward is still needed to ensure this meeting convenes. DEFF presented a climate change funding model that discussed the climate support response programs that are in place. Compact members benefit greatly from access to information such as this to grow in capacity by teaching officials how to package the products they produce and present bankable business plans to apply for funding. Updates were provided for the municipalities and input into the DAC 2020 Annual Report was requested from Compact members. The meetings dates for 2021 were presented and members hoped to have one in person meeting at the end of the year next year for the benefits of networking and building better relationships and partnerships.

Transformative Riverine Management (TRM) Knowledge Exchange with CKZNCCC municipalities.

EThekwini Municipality has been working with the C40 Cities Finance Facility (CFF), in partnership with the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), to develop a business case to support a Transformative River Management Programme in the municipality. The draft business case was completed in November 2020. During 2020, C40 worked with CKZNCCC members to develop concept notes for their own TRM programmes through a series of workshops and supporting activities.

A series of two and three-day online workshops were hosted in the following municipalities during 2020: uMhlathuze Local Municipality on 19, 20 & 22 May; KwaDukuza LM on 17, 18, & 19 June, eNdumeni LM on 8 & 9 July and finally uGu on 25 & 26 August. The inter-municipal knowledge exchange workshops provided a platform for eThekwini Municipality officials to share their best practise based on different river management pilot projects. The shared knowledge will assist other municipalities to conceptualise their TRM models as means of a climate change adaptation response. Emphasis on the importance of building governance foundation by involving all relevant stakeholders was highlighted. The scientific based approach on the development of the TRM business case will equip the municipalities with the credible bankable program that will not only improve the state of the rivers, but will bear them diversified socio-economic benefits.

By the end of 2020, these four municipalities had developed their concept notes and these were presented in the final Compact meeting of the year. The Compact secretariat will now work with the municipalities and C40 to seek funding for implementation.

 [SO1]This suggests that there was a July 2020 meeting? If so, I have formatted this meeting as such. If this was the first online meeting following lockdown, then I suggest you start with a sentence acknowledging this.


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