Effort during 2017 continued to be focussed towards the development of the partnership between the Hubs of Durban and the Mozambican cities of Pemba, Quelimane and Nacala. The return exchange visit of the Global Adaptation Network-funded (GAN) regional knowledge exchange by the Mozambican cities to Durban was completed during 6th to 8th March. This was followed by a UNISDR-funded exchange between the cities of Durban and Nacala in August and September. Details of these exchanges can be found in the City to City Exchange section below.
The exchanges were aligned with the USAID-funded Coastal Cities and Climate Change Programme (CCAP) in Mozambique, and supported the development of climate change action in the participating cities. In the case of Nacala, Mayor Rui Saw agreed to commit Nacala to the ten principles of disaster risk reduction by signing the Making My City Resilient pledge. A detailed implementation plan to address erosion and development challenges was agreed and this will be submitted as part of a funding proposal within the CCAP programme. A key achievement by the Mozambican cities during 2017 was the establishment of the Compact of Coastal Cities in Mozambique (CCCM), which was launched on 30th November, and included the cities of Mocimboa da Praia and Ilha de Mocambique plus the district of Palma.
Climate change does not happen in a vacuum and it cannot be isolated from the wider service delivery issues at a local to regional and national scale. Hence the Central KZN Climate Change Compact (CKZNCCC) acknowledges the importance of cross boundary learning, provision of technical support and sharing of resources. The CKZNCCC has been adjusting itself in line with the needs of participating municipalities in order to establish a conducive and a sustainable way of keeping it functional, following the conclusion of contracted support for the secretariat.
In 2017 a CKZNCCC Steering Committee was established, consisting of eThekwini, uGu, uMgungundlovu, and iLembe District Municipalities and Msunduzi Local Municipality. This Steering Committee also includes the provincial Department of Economic Development, Tourism and Environmental Affairs (EDTEA) as well as South African Local Government Association (SALGA). The steering committee was constituted to work in a more inclusive mechanism that will facilitate the driving of the compact as well as collective decision-making. The CKZNCCC requires a governance framework that is generated from a share vision to encourage participation from its members. Therefore, the development of the CKZNCCC implementation framework will be a collective effort from the steering committee members.
The CKZNCCC hosted three meetings and two steering committee meetings during 2017. The compact has played an important role in providing a platform for alignment and development of analogous methodologies of responding to climate change, especially where municipalities are sharing boundaries as well as common vulnerabilities.
The 11th CKZNCCC meeting was hosted by iLembe District Municipality in the presence of the Honourable Deputy Mayor, Councillor Dolly Shandu. During the meeting the compact portrayed itself as a platform where disadvantaged municipalities with low capacity could openly gain access to resources; where uMgungundlovu and eThekwini Municipalities offered to share technologies that could assist iLembe District Municipality with technical expertise on establishing an early warning system intended to reduce the impacts of adverse weather, particularly reducing deaths through lightning strikes. In response to Mayor Shandu’s request for assistance with the mitigation of serve impacts of lightning strikes, eThekwini Municipality invited the Provincial representatives and iLembe District Disaster Management practitioners to an Early Warning Systems Master Class on from 1 – 3 August 2017. During this master class, the Provincial Disaster Management Centre (PDMC) was requested to take a lead in driving this initiative. The municipalities considered that the PDMC will have relevant capacity to establish the system and integrate into other municipal communication systems. Furthermore, several engagements with the support of the Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (COGTA): Development Information Systems (DIS) and the UKZN were convened to facilitate inclusion of iLembe District into uMgungundlovu District’s early warning system.